Colombian Defect & Quality Classification
The Colombian Coffee Federation has a different quality classifications compared with the SCAA/CQI standards. Defective beans are defined and counted differently, broca damaged beans can be substituted for other defects, and various grades are assigned based on screen size. Often milled green coffee of all export standards is referred to as “excelso” in Colombia. This can be confusing as excelso is also a subset of export quality coffee defined as such by screen size. Within the various export grades of milling from Colombia, while the physical parameters may be difficult to achieve, the cupping threshold remains the same as CQI/SCAA standard with coffee scoring above 80 points free of any defective flavours being deemed “specialty”.