While these tensions and issues date back several centuries, the more recent history of military operations and issues for Rohingya is most important for the current context:
• In 1977 the military junta began an operation aimed at screening the population for ‘foreigners’, in which more than 200,000 Rohingya fled to Bangladesh. Following this in 1978, the UN facilitated a deal between Bangladesh and Myanmar for the repatriation of refugees, under which most Rohingya returned.
• In 1991 more than 250,000 Rohingya refugees fled persecution at the hands of the Myanmar army - the army at the time stated it was trying to bring order to Rakhine. Following this, from 1992 to 1997, around 230,000 Rohingya returned to Rakhine under another repatriation agreement.
• In 2012, rioting between Rohingya and Rakhine Buddhists killed more than 100 people, mostly Rohingya. Tens of thousands of people were driven into Bangladesh.
• In October 2016, a Rohingya militant group attacked border guard posts, killing 9 soldiers. The army retaliated and launched a military campaign against the Rohingya. More than 25,000 people fled Rakhine to Bangladesh, bringing accounts of killing, rape, and arson.
• More recently, the Rohingya are now fleeing from a Myanmar military offensive in the western state of Rakhine. The United Nations believes more than 600,000 Rohingya have fled to neighbouring Bangladesh since August 25th 2017.